Papua is one of the richest provinces in Indonesia with an area of more than three times the size of Java Island. The Papua Island itself is divided into two regions which are the western part controlled by Indonesia Government and the eastern part is the country of Papua New Guinea. Since 2003, Papua has been divided into two provinces, which are the Papua and the West Papua. On this island lies the highest mountain in Indonesia, namely Puncak Jaya (4,884 m).

Papua has a small population with natural resources that are so rich and have not yet been extracted such as forest products, plantations, agriculture, mining fisheries. This is due to the absence of an adequate road network that can connect among the production center areas.