Teluk Cenderawasih National Park offers exotic natural scenery of territorial waters. This marine national park has a vast coral reef with an area of 1,453,500 hectares. So no wonder that Teluk Cenderawasih National Park is the largest marine conservation area in Indonesia.
Teluk Cenderawasih National Park is located in Cenderawasih Bay Papua, West Papua Province which covers several islands namely Mioswaar, Nusrowi, Roon, Rumberpon and Yoop. Administratively, Teluk Cenderawasih National Park or commonly abbreviated as (TNTC) is located in two regencies which are Teluk Wondama Regency and Nabire Regency.
Cenderawasih Bay has a unique geological structure and very important oceanographic history. It has also extensive coral reefs of the highest quality in the world. A survey conducted involving global coral reef experts in 2006 found more than 500 species of coral reefs with 14 new species.
Cendrawasih National Park combines coral reef ecosystems with mangroves and terrestrial tropical forest ecosystems. There are colonies of black coral, blue coral and soft coral. The park is famous for its habitat of 209 fish species, including butterfly fish, damselfish and parrotfish and of course the whalesharks, while mollusks available here are charonia tritonis, large shells and cone shells.
There are many rivers in this national park area. One of them is the Wosimi River in Wandamen Bay. The river that empties into the national park consists of large and small rivers, with a total estimated of around 82 tributaries.
As a territory that covers forests and oceans, TNTC has various types of ecosystems which are seagrass ecosystems, mangrove forest ecosystems, coral reef ecosystems, coastal forest ecosystems as well as tropical forest ecosystems.
The management of this national park is carried out by the Teluk Cenderawasih National Park Office by implementing a zoning system. The division includes core zones, protective zones, limited use zones and also the buffer zones.
The core zone is intended for tight protection areas and is a habitat for the preservation of endangered species that are threatened.
The protective zone serves to protect the core zone by surrounding the zone to avoid activities in the zone afterwards.
Limited use zones are areas for utilizing natural resources for local residents. Even so, certain rules remain under supervision and limitations.
The buffer zone is a zone outside those three zones which aims to secure and as a place for other activities.
To go to Cenderawasih Bay, there are several routes that can be taken, which are:
For those of you staying outside Papua, you can use an airline from your city with the destination to Biak City. There are also airlines in Jayapura that serve flights to Biak. Arriving in Biak, then you can use an airline to Nabire or Manokwari.
If you use the sea route, you can use sea transportation services heading to Nabire or Manokwari. After that, you can use the Long Boat to go to Rumberpon Island in Teluk Cenderawasih National Park area which takes about six hours less. Another option, you can use the PELNI Ship which usually stops in Teluk Cenderawasih National Park. However, the ship only goes to Cenderawasih Bay once a month.
Land routes are only available starting from Manokwari. Here you will travel overland for approximately 3 hours to Ransinki, then proceed by motor boat for about 2.5 hours to Teluk Cendrawasih National Park.