Lake of Kelimutu is actually a volcano located in Pemo Village, Kelimutu District, Ende Regency, Flores Island, the mountain has three crater lakes at its peak. This lake is known as the Three Colors Lake because each of them has three different colors which are red, blue and white. Even so, these colors always change over time.
Kelimutu is a combination of words from “keli” which means mountain and the word “mutu” which means boiling. According to local beliefs, the colors of the Kelimutu lakes have their respective meanings and have very powerful natural forces.
Lake or Tiwu Kelimutu is divided into three parts that match to the colors of the lake. The blue lake or “Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai” is a place for the souls of young people who have died. The red lake or “Tiwu Ata Polo” is a place for the souls of people who have died and during their life always do evil things. While the white lake or “Tiwu Ata Mbupu” is a place for the souls of deceased parents.
The residents around Lake of Kelimutu believe that when the lake changes color, they must give offerings to the spirits of those who have died.
The size of all the Three Colors Lake is around 1,051,000 square meters with a volume of 1,292 million cubic meters of water. The height of the lake walls ranges from 50 to 150 meters.
Every year the Kelimutu Lake Festival is held on August 14th. In accordance to local residents’ trust, the main agenda of the festival is “Pati ka”. In local language “Pati ka” means to feed. Feeding is intended for the ancestors of Lake Kelimutu in the form of offerings usually consist of pork or in the local language called “Wawi” and “Moke”, a local alcoholic beverages.
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